What Is Plumbing?

Plumbing is a system of pipes and fixtures that distribute potable water and remove wastes. Plumbers may work in a hands-on capacity or as designers, drafting blueprints for new construction and renovation projects.


A plumber must be able to follow local building codes to ensure the system is safe and meets all safety standards. They also must be able to maintain the system and repair any issues or damage that occurs.

Plumbing is a system that conveys fluids for a range of operations, including heating and cooling, waste junking, and drinkable water delivery. The system includes pipes, valves, plumbing fixtures, and tanks.

The first type of plumbing in a home is the supply line, which carries potable (or drinking) water throughout your home from a municipal or private water source. In some homes, this line also carries sewage and stormwater.

A well-designed plumbing system contains branch lines that connect to each of the house’s faucets and toilets. Each branch has a shutoff valve that lets you turn off the water to that area without causing a disruption in the rest of the house’s water supply.

Most of the pipes in your home are made from either copper or polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Both types of pipe are affordable, durable, and available in a variety of colors and sizes.

Another common type of pipe is PEX or cross-linked polyethylene. It’s a low-cost, flexible option that doesn’t corrode or rust like copper or galvanized steel. It’s also easier to install and can be shaped into 90-degree bends.

Plastic piping, such as ABS and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), is also widely used. These are cheaper than metal and PVC piping and don’t require primers or clamps to hold them in place.

Unlike metal piping, plastic plumbing pipes don’t rust or corrode and are safer for children and pets to play with. They are also available in a variety of colors and sizes, making it easy to match the pipes with other components in your home.

When you’re looking for a new pipe to use in your home, make sure to choose one that is made from an approved material and meets your local building codes. This will help you avoid any issues down the road, such as water leaks and line breaks.

Plumbing is one of the most important components of every home and commercial building. It provides sewage, drainage, water heaters, and other utilities that make buildings liveable. It also helps ensure that the structure’s fixtures and appliances function properly.

Plumbing systems are the heart of any house, and mistakes during the installation process can cause severe problems down the road. If you’re building a home, make sure to hire a professional plumber to help you get the job done right.

There are many different types of pipes used in residential plumbing. The most common are copper pipes, which are durable and corrosion-resistant. However, PEX pipes are also becoming popular because they’re cheaper, more flexible, and easier to install than other pipe materials.

Regardless of the material used for pipes, they must be installed with care and in accordance with local codes. This is especially true when the home’s plumbing is new, as the system will be vulnerable to cracking or other damage if not put together correctly.

In addition to pipes, new construction plumbing often requires the installation of drain and vent lines. These pipes require precise placement and should be installed before the main supply lines.

These pipes are usually sloped from 1/4 inch to 3 inches per foot in length and should be positioned before plumbing elements are installed within the structure’s frame. This will allow the plumber to test each line for proper fit before final assembly.